Turkey followed US orders to shut down a key Iraqi oil pipeline. King Fahd agreed to allow US troops to base out of Saudi Arabia. UAE and Qatar followed suit. President Bush announced a $7.8 billion sale of F-15 fighters, M-60 tanks and Stinger missiles to Saudi Arabia; along with a letter of intent locking the Saudis into another purchase of 315 M-1 tanks worth $3 billion. He announced a $1.2 billion increase in military aid to Israel. Military sales to Egypt were expedited. A month later Bush announced another $20 billion in arms sales to the Saudis.
UN Security Council Resolution 678, authorizing use of force against Iraq, passed on November 29, 1990 in a 15-1 vote. Despite additional peace attempts by France and Russia, bombs began raining down on Iraq in January 1991. On January 29th French Defense Minister Chevenment resigned in protest. Russia and Egypt accused the US of exceeding its UN mandate. Protests erupted worldwide. In Morocco 300,000 people marched in Marrakech. In San Francisco, nearly a million Americans did the same.
The al-Sabah family hired PR firm Hill & Knowlton (HK) to polish up the image of the monarchy and to promote the Gulf War. The $10.5 million HK effort, the biggest PR contract ever, included the yellow ribbon campaign, aimed at dividing the US anti-war movement. HK sponsored Kuwaiti Ministers who appeared at the National Press Club and put out a book titled The Rape of Kuwait. HK papered the walls of the UN Security Council chamber with oversized photos of tortured Kuwaitis.
They created Citizens for a Free Kuwait, which sponsored witnesses who lied to Congress about alleged Iraqi atrocities in Kuwait. The star witness was the 15-year-old daughter of Kuwait’s US Ambassador, who gave heart rendering testimony of Iraqi soldiers grabbing Kuwaiti babies from hospital incubators. A 60 Minutes investigation later proved these stories to be total lies. 
President Bush’s Chief of Staff Craig Fuller had been CEO of HK. The head of HK’s US division was Robert Gray, an October Surprise insider who ran the Reagan inaugural. HK’s clients included the Chinese government and Indonesia’s Suharto regime. Kuwait also hired PR firms Rendon ($100,000/month), Neill & Company ($50,000/month) and Pintak/Brown International ($20,000/month). PR firm Keene, Shirley sponsored talk show appearances by former US Ambassador to Bahrain Sam Zakhom, who co-chaired the Coalition for America at Risk, which had touted the Nicaraguan contras.
Zakhom’s group advertised an emergency action kit which targeted anti-war protesters. Kuwaiti Sheik Fahd al-Sabah, chair of the Kuwait Investment Office, said Kuwait and Saudi Arabia sent $4 billion to the US as secret payoffs to protect their Kingdoms. The money was diverted into a London slush fund that financed the HK-led propaganda effort.
On February 23rd, 1991 the US launched its ground assault. Bush had drawn his “line in the sand” between advancing Iraqi troops and the oil interests owned by son George W.’s Harken Energy. In 1990 the US signed a secret agreement with Bahrain, in whose territorial waters the Harken concessions were located, allowing for permanent US military bases in the country. One battalion of troops prosecuting the ground assault went straight to secure the Rumaila oilfield. Within two days the Iraqis surrendered.
Despite US propaganda that it would arm the Shi’ites in the south and the Kurds in the north to overthrow Saddam Hussein, US military forces were ordered to stand down only one mile from where Hussein unleashed his Republican Guard on the Shi’ites. The Bush Administration refused to meet with the Joint Action Committee formed by Iraqi opposition groups.  Instead, Bush formed the Free Iraq Council with the Saudis, which consisted of members of Hussein’s own Ba’ath Party.
The US wanted Saddam left in place to serve as justification for yet another US military buildup in the Persian Gulf designed to protect Four Horsemen oilfields. On March 3rd, a week after the Iraqis surrendered, the US announced an agreement with Saudi Arabia allowing a permanent US military presence in the Kingdom.
Dean Henderson is the author of five books: Big Oil & Their Bankers in the Persian Gulf: Four Horsemen, Eight Families & Their Global Intelligence, Narcotics & Terror Network, The Grateful Unrich: Revolution in 50 Countries,Das Kartell der Federal Reserve, Stickin’ it to the Matrix & The Federal Reserve Cartel. You can subscribe free to his weekly Left Hook column @www.hendersonlefthook.wordpress.com